Human trafficking is one of the worst crimes against human rights, as it impacts human dignity and freedom in the worst forms of exploitation. In recent years there have been continuous efforts and initiatives to fight this global phenomenon such as the 2000 approval by the General Assembly of the United Nations of the International Protocol Against Human Trafficking. The United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime also supervises the implementation of the International Convention against Transnational Organised Crime, and helps member states implement protocols emanating from it which deal with fighting, prohibition and punishment for human smuggling and trafficking.
But these efforts and initiatives are not sufficient to combat the spread of human trafficking crimes and stem the growing number of victims. Since prevention is better than cure, countries, governments and non-governmental organisations depend on prevention and awareness-raising campaigns to support the fight against these crimes.