The Governmental Role:
With millions of people moving from their homelands to work in other countries, the world has experienced a legislative void in immigration issues which has been used by organised crime networks to exploit immigrant workers, especially women and children.
- Enacting laws that fight the phenomenon– The important legislative and security role played by governments requires effective monitoring of immigration issues at country points of entry particularly of issues concerning passports, entry and residence in countries. This monitoring is particularly necessary to protect children from being exposed to exploitation.
- Fighting poverty and supporting education - Prevention is better than cure. The role of governments in preventing human trafficking begins with fighting the causes – mainly poverty and ignorance - that allow people to be exploited as victims. This battle requires co-operation between the countries of origin and those of the arrival destination.
- The embassies’ role – Co-ordination is required between governments and embassies to monitor immigrant affairs as well as employment agencies that recruit labour.
- Protection of women and children in crises and wars - Governments must develop policies for the protection of civilians, especially women and children, in areas of disasters and wars from which a high percentage of human trafficking crimes emanate.
- Supporting women - as well as children. Women are the most frequent victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation. Ensuring women have dignified means of living is their ultimate protection from criminal activities.
- International co-ordination – Cross-border co-operation is essential in fighting human trafficking. Among the most prominent aspects of this co-operation is the exchange of information and expertise for maximum effectiveness.
The Media’s Role:
- Creating Awareness – Among the first steps in crime prevention are making people aware of the risks in dealing with these gangs and in believing the promises they make.
- Supporting the relevant campaigns – Social and civil initiatives in the originating countries and those of the arrival destination are a very important in providing protection. The United Nations Office for the Fight Against Crime and Drugs has successful case studies where it has supported social awareness campaigns, led by woman and civil societies in India and Nepal in 2006 and 2007, to monitor people smuggling and provided financing for civil organisations in Croatia, Bosnia and Hersek to launch human trafficking combat campaigns in the same period.
- Volunteer work – Volunteer and civil societies as well as non-government organisations can play a big role in monitoring the activities of criminal gangs involved in trafficking. These societies and organizations can report suspicious and help make societies aware of the risks involved.
- Social solidarity - Charitable organizations can also assist in preventing the poor from surrendering themselves to human trafficking gangs.
- Awareness campaigns through societies and specialised centres – Specialised societies and centres operating within vulnerable areas of society, such as youth and woman, can organise concentrated awareness campaigns. Women’s societies, in particular, play a prominent role.
- It is not possible to complete the awareness-building process without the participation of the education sector and the inclusion of these issues within the curriculum of relevant faculties and institutes.
- Respect of laws – Companies' adherence to national labour organisation laws is vital in the fight against this crime.
- Monitoring in the workplace – Governments should develop monitoring policies and procedures to assess the extent to which companies and employers respect labour laws.